History Of The Cape Breton Highlanders
The Battalion was organized on October 13, 1871 as The Victoria Provisional Battalion of Infantry from four independent companies.
Headquarters of this new unit was established at Baddeck, Victoria County, Cape Breton-hence the name. The ranks were filled predominantly by Highlanders, the descendants of Scots who had emigrated from the Duke of Argyll's estates. After a slight change in redesignation the unit officially became a Highland battalion on December 12, 1879. A few months later, on April 9, 1880, a further redesignation bound the unit to its Argyll ancestry by bearing The Victoria Provisional Battalion of Infantry "Argyll Highlanders" and in 1890, it was numbered " 94 " in the list of Canadian Milita Units.
The subsequent years, the original four companies were expanded. New companies were raised in 1882, 1894, and 1902. This strong establishment was retained until the outbreak of the First World War.
The 94th Victoria Regiment "Argyll Highlanders" was placed on active service on August 6, 1914, for protective duties of the Cape Breton coast and remained so for the duration of the war. The Regiment recruited upwards of 2,400 men for the Canadian Expeditionary Force most of whom were channeled into The 85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders) and The 185th Battalion (Cape Breton Highlanders) which, with the 193rd and 219th Battalions, formed The Nova Scotia Highland Brigade. The Brigade sailed for England October 1916 and the 85th Battalion served in France and Flanders with The 12th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division, from February 10, 1917 until the Armistice. The remaining Battalions provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The 85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders) participated in every battle in which 4 Division engaged and forged an enviable reputation as a first class fighting unit which included the taking of hill 145 on Vimy Ridge. All together, some 174 officers and 3,249 other ranks were absorbed into the Battalion. Casualties were heavy, but only one man was captured by the enemy.
Following the First World War, the Militia was reorganized and on April 1, 1920 the Unit was redesignated The Cape Breton Highlanders which was to perpetuate the 94th Regiment , 85th and 185th Battalions. On April 1, 1932, following a request from the Regiment, permission was granted The Cape Breton Highlanders to adopt the uniform, with the exception of the regimental badge of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's), thus cementing the 94th's earlier relationship with that famous British regiment.
On August 26, 1939, The Cape Breton Highlanders were called out to supply protective guards at vital installations in the industrial areas of Cape Breton. The unit left Cape Breton for other duties on January 1, 1941 and in June of the year was designated as the infantry support battalion for the 5th Canadian Armored Division being formed at Camp Borden, Ontario.
The Regiment embarked for England on November 13, 1941 where two years were spent training for battle. The Cape Breton Highlanders landed in Italy on November 10, 1943, as part of The 11th Infantry Brigade, 5th Armored Division. The unit's first task was to relieve The West Nova Scotia Regiment at Ortona. From there, the unit moved forward.
While in Italy, The Regiment served with various formations of the British 8th Army and the American 5th Army. They took part in the breaching of the Hitler Line which opened the road to Rome and the Gothic Line which included the Cape Breton Highlanders taking Coriano Ridge. The Highlanders continued fighting their way north through Italy to the Banks of the Reno River on January 5, 1945. After the " D " Day invasion of France, priorities switched to North West Europe. In January 1945, the 5th Canadian Armored Division left Italy and moved into France where they joined to the 1st Canadian Army.
Regimental Tartan and March Past
The 85th and 185th C.E.F. Great War
The Cape Breton Highlanders
2nd Bn Nova Scotia Highlanders (Cape Breton)
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